Basic Approach to Patent Translation

Preparation (20-30 minutes)

In order to begin translation of a patent, you must understand the story that the patent is trying to tell. Consider following the steps below to get started.

  1. Read the Background section of the patent and identify the following.
    • Key technological problems
    • Key methods to solve problems
    • Key indicators of success
    • Read the Claims
  2. Try to understand the claims in terms of the background
  3. Identify and Search for related art
    • Search all citations and look for patent families
    • Search for other patents by same applicant + claim keywords/IPC/F-term
    • Search for other patents by same inventor + claim keywords/IPC/F-term
    • Search for other patents in same technology field
      • Use key terms from Technical Field + Claims
      • Review ISR, IPEP, etc. (if available)
  4. Review      the      drawings      and      tables      and      identify      the      key elements/characteristics of the invention
  5. Take good notes on your findings and update them as you translate


Patents tell a specific story. It is important that you translate your patents in a way that follows the logic of how the patent was drafted.

  1. Order of Translation
    • Field and Background of the Invention
    • Claims
    • Summary (if repetition of claims)
    • Embodiments
    • Examples
    • Summary (if summary of embodiments)
    • Brief Description of Drawings
    • Effects of the Invention
    • Title and Abstract
    • Claims (double check and apply)
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